Spending on water and sanitation (watsan) in humanitarian aid has increased from US$ 15 million in 2000 to US$ 454 million in 2009.
There has been a shift in the major donors for humanitarian watsan over the last decade as well.
The top 3 donors in 2000 were:
Norway (US$ 3.24 million), Netherlands (US$ 3.17 million) and Canada (US$ 1,83 million).
The top 3 donors in 2009 were:
European Commission (US$ 117.4 million), United States (US$ 76.8 million), and Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) (US$ 45.8 million).
The above data can be found in the Financial Tracking Service (FTS) on global humanitarian aids flows at: fts.unocha.org/by_sector.asp. Both UN agencies and NGOs contribute to financial data to FTS. Still not all support is covered by the official UN-NGO emergency or flash appeals. For instance, the total support received outside the UN-NGO Haiti earthquake flash appeal was three times the funding within the appeal, and exceeded total appeal requirements.
General trends in needs, responses and funding in humanitarian aid over the past decade can be found in the 2010 Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) compiled by humanitarian aid watchdog Development Initiatives.
IRIN reviewed some of the GHA reports findings:
Humanitarian assistance was up US$3.1 billion in 2009 compared with 2006, despite an 11 percent drop in reported government aid in 2009; private contributions increased by 50 percent since 2006, reaching $4.1 billion.
Since 2000, year on year, humanitarian aid has accounted for on average 8.35 percent of DAC governments’ official development aid.
Over the last three years, 60 percent of DAC donor aid has been channelled mainly through UN agencies; just under 25 percent went to NGOs and civil society organizations; 0.4 percent to NGOs in developing countries; 0.2 percent to the International Movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
Source: IRIN, 27 Jul 2010